Comment on “The M Word” on Macappella’s Blog

I have already read Fiona’s incredible post on multitasking (yes, that’s the “m” word!) three times and still don’t feel I have taken it all in. There’s so much here to think about! For the moment I will start with one point.

Somehow I always thought of multitasking in terms of amusing the baby and getting the dishes done at the same time, or cooking and thinking about Fiona’s blog post (which leads to forgetting the seasoning!).

I hadn’t given much thought to how much (or how little) I’m having my students multitask in class.

Fiona says: “Focusing on form and meaning in language, on the other hand, is something we do at least since birth… Ultimately, for children to have meaning and form separated, or to meet form and meaning independently of any other activity is to underload, not the opposite. Learning language while busy with something else is just part of life…”

Fiona doesn’t seem to be fond of teaching isolated words…

This sounds so true and so natural. It makes sense and worries me regarding my deaf and hard of hearing students.

If you think of these children learning their l1 while interacting with their parents in real life situation, you discover that their vocabulary looks like a slice of cheese full of holes. There is no accidental learning – what was not taught isn’t known. So you find the 10 year old who doesn’t know the word “frying pan” as his mother says “I’ll make you an egg” not “I’ll make you an egg in the frying pan”. Or the 18 year old who had never encountered the word “ashtray”.

I teach these children a foreign language through reading and writing. Form is our access to the language itself, “form” as in the written word.

I can’t bring meaning in a natural/exciting/significant manner to the multitude of unknown words which they encounter at once, in every single text. If I call my lesson “smelling your way to the second conditional” a meaningful way to understanding the word “would” (which is a difficult, abstract one!) the sad fact is that it took an entire lesson! When the students are focusing on understanding an unseen-reading passage they concentrate solely on comprehension, puzzling out the answers expected of them for the questions. They use their dictionaries and very few new words are learned. ***

It is only when we work on vocabulary in an isolated manner, without a context, focusing on the shape of the word in order to remember its meaning, do the students exhibit word retention.

So, you might say, for deaf and hard of hearing children learning words without context is more beneficial, and that’s that.

Unfortunately, it seems to be so only for some of the children. Some seem to really internalize only those words that made a click in their brain somehow. I’m sure my student this morning will remember the word “cheap” because she hit on the idea that it reminds her of the word “chips” (French Fries) and they are cheaper than a hamburger. But that only works for her personally. And if each and every word she learns needs to have this “click” (and she’s in high-school!) before she can remember it, then she will join the ranks of those students who progress VERY slowly.

Therefore, it seems that form and meaning are best taught together, as Fiona says, but that it is a very hard goal to achieve when language is acquired through reading and not listening!

*** There are exception, of course!

4 thoughts on “Comment on “The M Word” on Macappella’s Blog”

  1. Hmmm… certainly food for thought, Naomi I can understand your dilemma which is exacerbated by the fact that your learners are hard of hearing and cannot attend to oral form and meaning at the same time. On the other hand, their reading comprehension may be slow exactly because they lack vocabulary.

    Echoing my own post on Decontextualised vocabulary teaching, I would like to add that you should not feel guilty for teaching vocab out of context because as some linguists claim it is beneficial especially when dealing with basic vocabulary. Moreover, it’s been shown that it is more effective to first learn vocabulary out of context and then encounter it in a text which will strengthen the form-meaning link and provide necessary context. (can cite the study that investigated this but can’t remember off the top of my head – probably Laufer)

    A click that makes students internalize a word is essential and it works best if it’s personal like in your cheap chips example. Perhaps you can help students develop their own personal associations by attending to various word features like alliteration in CHeap CHips or help them use other mnemonic devices.
    LEO

  2. Hi Naomi,
    Interesting comment, and I can see how decontextualised learning could help the students. I wonder whether coupling it with using quizlet.com in later lessons or for homework could help them to retain more words. It is mostly reading based (except for the speller mode) and has a lot of games, so the competetive element might motivate them.
    Have ever tried it?
    Sandy

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